What is Web Hosting?Advertisement
A web hosting service is a type of Internet hosting services that provides a service to individuals and groups to have their own websites accessible through the World Wide Web. Every person who has a website must contact a web hosting company and rent or purchase a server so their website can be viewed on the web. Without hosting, your site goes no where. The companies provide a connection to the web from your site to the Internet. These servers are located in the hosting companyâ€™s data center which may be on their premise and if they arenâ€™t they are called collocations, but they are still controlled by the hosting company and you.
Web hosting services can be very diverse. The most basic service is fro WebPages and a small file hosting where your site files can be put on the web through an FTP or File Transfer Protocol or via a web interface. There are some Internet Service Providers or ISPâ€™s that do offer free hosting for people who subscribe and there are companies that charge a small fee or sometimes they can be advertised sponsored.
If you have a simple personal web page then the basic web hosting would work for you. A more detailed site may need a better package that maybe will give you database support and other application development uses such as ASP.NET, PHP and JAVA. With these types of services it lets the owner install or write their own scripts for things like forums and some content. If you are using ecommerce then a SSL is required.
Depending on which plan you get and what company you get from, the hosting company may give you access to a control panel. Plesk and Hosting Controller are a few examples of that. When using your control panel you are given access to manage your server and write scripts or installing them as well.
Some hosting companyâ€™s will provide you software services like e-commerce. These services are typically used by a bigger company which outsources the network structure to a hosting company. Before choosing a hosting service, you want to make sure that they advertise the most uptime. Uptime is the amount of time a server is functional so your site can be displayed and utilized as much as possible.
Most hosting companies say they offer 99 percent uptime but there are some things that can occur such as server restarts a planned or sometimes unplanned maintenance to the hosting company. You really canâ€™t predict when this will happen but it is guaranteed to happen. You want to make sure that the downtime does not exceed an hour, most people with sites make their living from the site and every minute down is a minute lost.
If a server is down for a long period of time, some companies will give you a discount off of the month charge if you are paying for the hosting. Before signing up with a company, ask them about that. Here is the percentage of uptime in ratio to how many hours down your site will be.
â€¢ 100% – 0 hours 0 minutes
â€¢ 99.9% – 8 hours 46 minutes
â€¢ 99.5% – 43 hours 50 minutes
â€¢ 99.0% – 87 hours 39 minutes
â€¢ 98.0% – 175 hours 19 minutes